Nilpena Station boasts one of the most significant fossil sites in the world.

The key evidence of the beginnings of life comes from Nilpena Station in the Flinders Ranges. 555 million years ago the desert backdrop of the Flinders Ranges was submerged below shallow tropical seas, and ocean floors inhabited by Earth’s first animals. This ancient ocean was inhabited by the first large, complex marine organisms – the Ediacara biota. These ancient organisms represent a snapshot of the earliest evidence of large, complex life from which we all descended.